February 17, 2011 § 1 Comment
Oscar Schlemmer was born in Stuttgard in 1888, since hisparents’ death around 1900 he had to learn to provide for himself from an early age.In 1903 he got an apprenticeship in a marquetry workshop. From 1905 to 1909 Oskar Schlemmer studied at the “Kunstgewerbeschule” as well as the “Akademie der Bildenden Künste” in Stuttgart, where he became Adolf Hölzel‘s master pupil in 1912.
He exhibited Herwarth Walden’s gallery “Der Sturm” in Berlin in 1919. After his marriage to Helena Tutein one year later, he was invited to Weimar by Gropius to run the sculpture department and the stage workshop at the Bauhaus. He also wanted to put his ideas about ballet into practice, and in 1922 he did so in public for the first time staging the famous Triadisches Ballett. He planned to free the stage from the trappings of tradition in order to give expression to the ‘pure idea.’ The central theme of his work was the problematic of the figure in space, and the mediator between these two was to be the dancer, stripped of his individual identity by the use of costumes and masks.Influenced by Cubism, he usually integrated this figures into geometric structures.
Until he left the Buhaus in 1929 his art can be seen as a manifesto for a robot society, both artistically, as it mocks the late-Romantic individualism of German painters such as Emil Nolde, and politically: in the wake of the Russian revolution a kind of machine communism was very alluring.
After his resignation from the Bauhaus he was given a professorship at the “Vereinigte Staatsschulen” in Berlin in 1932, but the National Socialists forced him to resign again in 1933.
During the War Oskar Schlemmer worked at the “Institut für Malstoffe” in Wuppertal together with Willi Baumeister and Georg Muche.
He led a secluded life at the end of his career and made the small series of eighteen mystical “Fensterbilder” in 1942. Oskar Schlemmer was one of the most versatile artists of the 20th century.
February 17, 2011 § Leave a comment
Rogério Reis was born in 1954, was educated at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro, among others. He has worked as a photographer since 1977. For the last 17 years he has spent a lot of time documenting , amongst other things, the various facets of the carnival in Rio de Janeiro. The carnival photographs have attracted a huge amount of attention in Brazil and abroad and have resulted in several exhibitions as well as a book titled “Na Lona” (On Canvas).
January 22, 2011 § 2 Comments
Michael Lesy’s book of the same name was first published in 1973. Lesy discovered a striking archive of black and white photographs in the town of Black River Falls dating from the 1890s, the photogrpaher was Charles Van Schaickand. Lesy married a selection of these images to extracts from the town’s newspaper from the same decade. The effect was enchantingly disturbing. The town of Black River Falls seems gripped by some peculiar malaise and the weekly news is dominated by bizarre tales of madness, eccentricity and violence amongst the local population. Suicide and murder are commonplace. People in the town are haunted by ghosts, possessed by devils and terrorized by teenage outlaws and arsonists. A wonderful tale about the art of documentation.The case has also been turned into a film.
January 13, 2011 § Leave a comment
Irving Penn started the small trades project in Paris in 1950 while he was working for vogue magazine. In between fashion shoots he found time to capture disappearing occupations. Inspired by the old ways of people whose era was almost over he created an amalgam of portraiture, fashion and documentation. He continued the series the September of the same year in London and later in New York.
January 13, 2011 § Leave a comment